' The illiterate of the 21st centry will not be those who cannot read and write but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn.' Alvin Toffler

“ The primary task of the educational system must be to give learners the right tools and provide them with a critical mind, so that they can ask the right questions and make the right connections.sign_learners.jpg

Today as Thomas Friedman notes in ‘The World is Flat’ we are preparing students for jobs that don’t exist, using technologies that haven’t been invented, to solve problems we haven’t begun to think about. As a result, the definition of what it means to be educated in the light of the modern world has changed and continues to change.

In the information age, citizens will need to work with information in all forms to fashion content products that have value, that entertain and teach. But if all learners do is learn the traditional literacies, they may be literate by 20th Century standards but certainly not by 21st Century standards.” 2.


20th Century Learner
  • Aquisition of knowlege/facts
  • Teacher is the audience for student work
  • Learning happens at school
  • Book based resources/information
  • De-contextualised skill based learning
  • Passive learning
  • Individually completed tasks
  • Teacher is assessor


21st Century Learner
  • Creators of knowledge
  • World is the audience for student work
  • Anywhere/anytime learning
  • Web based resources/information
  • Authentic tasks
  • Active learning
  • Collaborative tasks
  • Assessment by a variety of audiences